THE IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION STATUS AND LENGTH OF STAY ON QUALITY OF LIFE AND THE PRESENCE OF SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY AMONG ASIAN INDIANS IN THE U.S.
There is a gap in research literature in regard to examining how immigration status and length of stay, as part of the acculturation process, can play a role in the mental health and overall wellbeing of the immigrants in the U.S. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is an impact of various immigration statuses as well as the length of stay on quality of life, the presence of symptoms of depression, and the presence of symptoms of anxiety among Asian Indians in the U.S. This study recruited 73 Asian Indians, born in India who were residing in the U.S. and were above the age of 18 years, using a stratified random and snowball sampling recruited through Asian Indian organizations in the U.S. MANOVAs were conducted to analyze the data collected from the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) - 21 and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) – BREF. The results of this study found that immigration status impacts the presence of symptoms of depression and quality of life. The results imply a need to further understand the role of length of stay on mental health and quality of life of immigrants by potentially using different sampling methods, instruments, and nationalities.