AN ANALYSIS OF TITLE IX COMPLIANCE IN HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) generally have majority female student populations, yet some studies have concluded that HBCUs have poorer compliance with Title IX when compared with predominantly white institutions (Ruckman & Bridges, 2014; Anderson et al, 2006). Therefore, this study analyzed Title IX compliance in a group of HBCUs in 2003, 2010, and 2016 to determine trends in compliance by computing a proportionality gap percentage for each selected year. A quantitative research design was utilized, and enrollment data was analyzed via an ANOVA method to determine if statistically significant changes in enrollment occurred at the 2003, 2010, and 2016 years. The enrollment data was compared to the proportionality gap percentages for 2003, 2010, and 2016 via Pearson correlation to determine if a relationship exists between enrollment and compliance. Lastly, endowment data was analyzed for a subset of institutions to determine if any relationship exists between endowment size and compliance with Title IX.
Coursey, Caroline Coker