CHR 170 - Abraham Paper

last modified 2016-08-08T09:09:24-04:00

Note: This guide emphasizes resources available in the Tarver Library to assist you with your comparison/contrast paper on Abraham in two or three traditions--Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.  You will draw on the work you have already done in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament and add new material from the Qur'an.  Disclaimer:  the screen shots in this guide are for illustrative purposes only, you cannot click on images or links.

Primary Texts

You will use the traditional scriptures of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam for this paper.  Links below take you to available print and electronic resources.  


The Jewish Study Bible
REF BS 895 .J4 2014

Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
This English translation of the Tanakh includes commentary from Rashi, a Medieval French Rabbi.


Since you are encouraged to use the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible, this guide focuses on that translation.  

The New Oxford Annotated Bible: New Revised Standard Version: with the Apocrypha
REF BS 191.5.A1 2010 O94 2010

The Layman's Parallel Bible (includes King James Version, New International version, Living Bible, and New Revised Standard Version)
REF BS 125 .B5 1991 c.2

New Revised Standard Version
Click at the bottom of the page for specific books and chapters.

This same website provides access to 41 different English versions that you can search by word or scripture by using the search function at the top of the page.


The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary
REF BP 109 2008

The Holy Qur'an: Arabic Text with English Translation and Commentary
REF BP 109 .K45 2002

The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an in Today's English (Extended Study Edition)
REF BP 109 2005

The Message of the Qur'an
REF BP 109 .A8 1980

The Holy Quran
This is an easily accessible version of the Abdullah Yusuf Ali Qur'an.

This website provides several options:

  • word search in three English versions
    • Yusuf Ali
    • Marmaduke Picktall
    • Muhammad Asad
  • links to hear the recitation of any of the passages in one of several recitations
Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

These resources often include more than just words.  Look at each one to see if they also include broad articles that provide information about history, customs, institutions, and beliefs.  You may want to read and compare entries in several of these.  The link takes you to the library catalog page where you can find additional information but does not provide online access to the resource.  These must be used in the Tarver Library.


The New Encyclopedia of Judaism
REF BM 50 .E63 2002

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion
REF BM 50 .O94 1997

Encyclopaedia Judaica
REF DS 102.8 .E496 2007

  • Do not overlook this source!  Most of you did not cite this source in your Genesis papers.
  • Dr. Flaming reminds you that this source will be extremely helpful in doing the comparison paper.
  • Remember that this source reflects a Jewish tradition, so it is important to consult dictionaries/encyclopedias in other faith traditions.
  • volume 22 includes an index
    • entry below is for Abraham
    • volume listed first then page numbers
    • main entry in bold

  • This source provides Christian and Islam perspectives.  For example, you will get interpretations in the Jewish tradition (usually not under a sub-heading), then sub-headings for other traditions that may include 1) the Aggadah (Jewish legend), 2) Christianity, or 3) Islam. 


The Anchor Bible Dictionary
REF BS 440 .A54 1992

Mercer Dictionary of the Bible
REF BS 440 .M429 1990
Additional copies of this title are available at the Circulation Desk

New Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible
REF BS 440 .N445 2006

Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible
REF BS 440 .I63


The Qur'an:  An Encyclopedia
REF BP 133 .Q87 2006

Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an
REF BP 133 .E53 2001

The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam
REF BP 40 .G42 1988

Oxford Islamic Studies Online

Oxford Islamic Studies Online

  • a one-stop location for authoritative resources from the world's leading scholars
  • includes links to a number of sources published by Oxford University Press
  • can type in a single word and search all the books

1.  type in your search term in the box located in the upper-right hand of the screen and press the magnifying glass icon to start the search

2.  review the results

3.  select an entry by clicking on the title (highlighted in blue as a link) and note that the source information is included on the left-hand side of the page

  • Remember to include the source you are using when you make notes.  
    • For example, Anchor Bible dictionary states; or, according to The Encyclopaedia Judaica, scholars state
    • Taking the time to do this when you write will save time later trying to match up information with a source.

  • Make sure you get all the information you will need for your footnotes and bibliography.
    • You will need author (usually an editor for multi-volume works) title, volume number (if a multi-volume work), and publication information (publisher, place of publication, and date) for the source as well as any author, title, and page numbers for the article included in the source.
    • Tip:  links in the guide will take you to the library catalog where you can retrieve information about the main source.  However, the "insides" of the sources are not searchable.  Make sure you capture that information when you start rather than trying to scramble later when you compile your footnotes and bibliography.

  • Dr. Flaming has assigned standard abbreviations for several of the key resources for this paper that are to be used in the footnotes but include the full citations in the bibliography.  Many of these, especially for the Qur'an resources, are similar so be careful to select the right one.
    • Anchor Bible Dictionary (ABD vol:pg)
    • The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible (IDB vol:pg)
    • The New Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible (NIDB vol:pg)
    • Mercer Dictionary of the Bible (MDB pg)
    • The Encyclopaedia Judaica (EncJud vol:pg)
    • The Jewish Study Bible (JSB pg)
    • The Qur'an: An Encyclopedia (QE pg)
    • Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an (EQ vol:pg)
    • The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam (CEI pg)

Oxford Islamic Studies Online

  • you will need the author and the book the article was originally published in, the URL alone is not sufficient
  • remember that your search results include the source information on the left-hand side of the page
  • click on the cite button in the upper toolbar

  • carefully review the citation to make sure your footnote includes the elements required by Dr. Flaming

The Tarver Library recommends these sources for questions about the Chicago style manual:
Tips and Tricks
  • remember to log in to the library website first, if accessing this source from off-campus
  • subject entries and chaptered works may be most helpful
  • highlighting can be turned off in search results
  • results can be printed and/or e-mailed
  • capture all the reference information by using the cite button (more on this in citations header)
Need more help?

Jack Tarver Library also offers assistance, including: