Pharmacy: Drug Information

last modified 2019-08-26T14:22:46-04:00
Drug information

Core Resources: Databases


Drug Monographs

Article Search

EBM Sources

Core Resources: Textbooks

Other Resources

E-books & More

Adverse Effects/Toxicology



  • The Art, Science, and Technology of Pharmaceutical Compounding Ref RS200 .A45 2008

  • Allen's Compounded Formulations: The Complete U.S. Pharmacist Collection Ref RS200 .A454 2003 
  • Compounding Sterile Preparations, by American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. (via STAT!Ref)
  • International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding -- Available in print (Jan 1997-Jan 2012)

  • Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, on Reserve  RS91 .R44 2013 

  • The Pharmaceutics Laboratory -- Compounding exercises from UNC's Eshelman School of Pharmacy


  • Red Book via Micromedex or  Reference RM1 .R43  2010  (Gives average wholesale price; use older editions to tracking pricing)

Dietary Supplements

Dosage and Administration

Drug Interactions

Drug Names (Trade, Generic, etc.)

Drugs in Development

Drugs in Pregnancy/Lactation 


Geriatric Dosages


International Drug ID

New Drug Approvals

Pediatric Dosages


Pharmacology & Mechanism of Action


Pharmacy Law

Therapeutic Use

Unlabeled Uses

Veterinary Medicine

Reference & Style Guides


Reference Requirements

References serve three distinct purposes:

1) documentation

2) acknowledgement

3) directing readers to additional resources

Authors are solely responsible for the accuracy of references within their work, therefore it is imperative that primary sources are always consulted.

Do not cite a source that you have not examined.

References must include certain data to ensure that the data can be identified and retrieved. Please refer to section 3.4 (p. 42) of the AMA Manual of Style to view the minimum acceptable data for references.

The AMA style divides references into bibliographic groups using a period. Each period separates bibliographic groups, ie. author information, title, publisher information, etc., and sets a sequence of bibligraphic elements. Bibliographic elements refers to the different items within each bibliographic group. Bibliographic elements are differentiated with three different punctuation marks.

Example: Author(s). Article title. Journal name. Year; vol (issue no.):pages.doi.

Use a comma  if items are subelements or closely related elements. For example, up to six author names are separated by comma within the author bibliographic group.

Use a semicolon to separate different types of elements within a bibliographic group. For example, within the publisher bibliographic group, a semicolon is used between the publisher's name and the copyright year. A semicolon is also used to differentiate between logically related elements within a bibliographic group. A semicolon is used before volume identification data.

Use a colon before the publisher's name, between the title and subtitle and after a connecting or explanatory phrase such as Presented at: or Quoted by: or Cited by:.

For additional information, please Section 3.1 (p. 40-41) of the AMA Manual of Style (2007).

Book Example

Follow the format for a regular› book, and then add the URL and “Accessed” date at the end.


Riordan-Eva P, Cunningham ET.  Vaughan & Asbury's General Ophthalmology.  18th ed.  New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2012.  Accessed January 4, 2016.

Evidence-Based Medicine

What is Evidence-Based Medicine?

"Evidence-Based Medicine is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. "¹

The Five Steps of Evidence-Based Medicine

1. ASK a focused question

  • What is your clinical question? - See the P.I.C.O. model below.
  • What type of clinical question is this?  Therapy?  Diagnosis?  Use the table below.
  • What is the best study design to answer this type of clinical question? Use the table below.

2. ACQUIRE the best evidence by searching the literature

  • What is the highest level of literature to support the question?  See the pyramid below.
  • Where should you look for this material?  See the table below.

3. APPRAISE the literature testing for validity, relevance, and applicability

  • What are the results of the study?

4. APPLY the results in clinical practice

5. ASSESS the outcomes in your patient

¹ Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, et al. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

Five Steps adapted from: the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine

Clinical Guidelines