Gretchen Smith is the History Subject Librarian and is based at the Tarver Library (Macon). She provides research support for students enrolled in History classes as well as History majors and minors. She will also be glad to answer your questions about research, instruction, or the library’s collections. You can contact Gretchen by phone or e-mail, or visit her in person at the Tarver Library.
Need help citing sources? If you're using MLA, APA, or Chicago style, check out the guide from OWL at Purdue for help formatting your citations. You can also bring your reference list to the Ask Jack desk (Tarver), and a librarian will check your citations.
Need help framing a research question or thesis statement? The University of Iowa has an easy-to-follow guide.
These are selected databases related to history topics. For additional resources, see the A to Z database list.
America: History and Life (EBSCO) - A comprehensive bibliography of articles on the history and culture of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Offers abstracts and citations for articles in roughly 1,800 journals published worldwide in history, related humanities, and the social sciences. Includes citations to book and media reviews from approximately 140 major journals of American history and culture and relevant dissertations from Dissertation Abstracts International.
Historical Abstracts (EBSCO) - Provides citation information and abstracts for articles from over 2,600 journals, books, and dissertations published since 1955. Covers all aspects of world history from the fifteenth century forward (excluding the United States and Canada). Publications are in over 40 languages; article titles and abstracts are included in English translation.
JSTOR - Provides access to complete back files of core journals in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. The University Libraries subscribe to the Arts & Sciences I, II, and III and Health & General Sciences, which include a variety of history journals.
JSTOR's agreement with publishers includes an updating provision referred to as a "moving wall," which is a fixed period of time ranging, in most cases, from 2 to 5 years that defines the gap between the most recently published issue of any journal and the date of the most recent issue available in JSTOR. This database began to include some current content in 2011. The University Libraries are not yet subscribing to this current content. Tarver librarians created this to help students using this database.
Ancestry Library Edition - For ancestry/genealogy research. This database combines content from around 4,000 databases. Note: Available on-campus only.
Dissertations and Theses Full Text (ProQuest) - Covers dissertations accepted at accredited U.S. institutions since 1861. Selectively covers Master's theses and Canadian, British, and other international dissertations. Most dissertations since 1997 (and some earlier dissertations) are available in full text.
WorldCat (FirstSearch) - The world's most comprehensive bibliography with entries representing books and other resources spanning 4,000 years of knowledge from libraries around the world.
ArchiveGrid - Thousands of libraries, museums, and archives have contributed over three million collection descriptions to this online resource that brings together information about historic documents, personal and family papers, and more.
HarpWeek - Searchable access to Harper's Weekly: 1857-1912. America's leading 19th century illustrated newspaper provides information on domestic and foreign life. Users can track the major political, social, and military stories of the day, along with the editorial comment, humor, literature, and even gossip related to them.
Civil War in the American South - A central portal to access digital collections from the Civil War Era (1850-1865) held by members of the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL). Many special or unique manuscripts, photographs, books, newspapers, broadsides, and other materials have been digitized to provide broader access to these documents. The shared collection continues to grow, providing ready access to a world-class collection of primary source materials from the American Civil War era.
Search the library catalog to find books and other resources available in the Mercer University Libraries. Don't forget to check the location in the record. If the item you need is at another Mercer library, use the "Request" button (top left) to have it delivered to your library. For additional information on finding items in the catalog and on the shelves, view this guide. Items not available in the University Libraries may be requested via Interlibrary Loan.
Some suggested Library of Congress classification numbers follow, but don't forget that there may be other areas of use for your projects, such as economics, agriculture, etc.
- C Auxiliary Sciences of History (General)
- CB History of Civilization
- CC Archaeology
- CS Genealogy
- CT Biography
- D History (General)
- DA Great Britain
- DAW Central Europe
- DC France
- DD Germany
- DF Greece
- DG Italy
- DK Russia, Soviet Union, Former Soviet Republics
- DP Spain
- DS Asia
- DT Africa
- DU Oceania (South Seas)
- E11-143 America
- E151-909 United States
- F1-975 United States local history
- F1001-1145.2 British America (including Canada)
- F1170 French America
- F1201-3799 Latin America, Spanish America
- G Geography (General) (includes atlases and maps)
- H Social Sciences
- J Political Science
- U Military Science (General)
History Reference Sources in the Tarver Library (Macon)
These are just a few selected resources from the Reference Collection on the main floor of Tarver:
Encyclopedia of European Social History from 1350 to 2000, Reference, HN373 .E63 2001 (6 volumes)
The Encyclopedia of Georgia, Reference, F286 .E53 1999 (2 volumes)
Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, Reference, D14 .E53 1999 (2 volumes)
Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History, Reference, DS557.7 .E53 1998
Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. Primary Documents, Reference, E184.A1 G15 1999 (2 volumes)
Historical Statistics of the United States: Earliest Times to the Present, Reference, HA202 .H57 2006 (5 volumes)
A History of Women in the United States: State-by-State Reference, Reference, HQ1410 .H58 2004 (4 volumes)
The New Cambridge Medieval History, Reference, D117 .N48 1995 (7 volumes)
The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture Reference, F209 .N47 2006 (24 volumes; Vol. 3 is specifically on history)
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History, Reference, HQ1121 .O93 2008 (4 volumes)
The Roster of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865, Reference, E548 .R65 1995 (16 volumes)
New York Times (ProQuest) — Coverage: 1851-2011. Includes all the articles published since the first issue of the paper in 1851. Provides full text and full image articles with digital reproductions of every page, every article and every issue in PDF format. In addition to news stories, includes editorials, letters to the editor, obituaries, birth and marriage announcements, photos, and advertisements. You can browse issues by clicking Publications at the top of the screen.
The New York Times Index - 1st Floor Tarver (Macon), A121 .N45 1851-1874, 1913-1996
The Jack Tarver Library has the New York Times on microfilm from Sept. 1851 to Dec. 2006. These microfilm reels are located on the first floor, along with print indexes from 1851-1874 and 1913-1995. (If you need assistance in using either of these tools, please see either the Circulation or Reference desk on the main floor for help. If you'd like to search multiple years at once try the New York Times website's search engine. (Please note that full text on this site may have to be purchased. You may use this site to find the citation information and then use the microfilm reels on the first floor.)
The Atlanta Journal, the Atlanta Constitution Index - 1st Floor, AI21.A87 A87 1984-1996
The Jack Tarver Library has the Atlanta Constitution/Atlanta Journal-Constitution on microfilm from 1868. (NOTE: we have only the Atlanta Constitution from 1868 until the newspapers merged, not the Journal. The two papers published combined editions on Sundays from 1950-1976 and on Saturdays and Sundays from 1976-2001. If you find a Journal citation, you'll need to see if it exists in our microfilm or if you'll have to request it from Interlibrary Loan. Because the papers came under joint ownership in 1950, the titles are murky. See this article for more information.) These microfilm reels are located on the first floor, along with the indexes from 1984-1996. If you need assistance in using either of these tools, please see either the Circulation or Reference desk on the main floor for help. For articles from 1868-1945, try this search engine from the AJC. This engine covers 1985 to the present. (Please note that full text articles on these sites must be purchased. You may use the sites to find the citation information and then use the microfilm reels on the first floor. We do not currently have a resource to find information between 1945-1984.)
Macon Telegraph Archive - Provides online access to early issues of the Macon Telegraph in its various daily and weekly forms from 1826-1908. Consisting of over 50,000 newspaper pages, the archive provides historical images that are both full-text searchable and can be browsed by date. NOTE: you will need to download a free plugin to view these pages. In addition, the newspaper is available on microfilm (through 2006) on the first floor of Tarver.
Mercer Cluster - You can now search the first 50 years of The Mercer Cluster (1920-1970) online. The archive provides historical images that are both full-text searchable and can be browsed by date.
Digital Library of Georgia historic newspapers - A variety of digitized, searchable newspapers from around the state. Some of these will require a plugin in order to view them.
Library of Congress, American Memory - Historical collections (primary documents, sound recordings, images, maps, etc.) from the National Digital Library that include such topics as advertising, African American history, and women's history. NOTE: Some of the older collections have been moved to new platforms, but there are still links from the American Memory site.
Documenting the American South - Sponsored by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, this site includes digitized primary sources from several collections. Items include texts, images, and audio files related to Southern history, literature, and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century.
Making of America (Cornell University) and Making of America (University of Michigan) - This collaborative project resulted in a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through Reconstruction. The two sites have the same scope, but different content.
British Pathé videos - 90,000+ news reels and shows that cover world events from the 1910s to 1970s. Over 80,000 of their videos are on YouTube as well.
Historical Census Browser (University of Virginia) - This site presents U.S. census data and describes trends in states and counties from 1790 to 1960. You can examine a variety of topics and create maps of data. (This is not a site for genealogical research, however, as it does not describe individuals.)
Samuel J. May Anti-Slavery Collection - A rich and diverse set of materials from Cornell University on the anti-slavery movement of the 1800’s. Over 10,000 pamphlets and articles cover local and national topics.
Civil Rights Digital Library - Includes news film, television archives, and educator resources; provides links to a variety of collections around the country.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Archives - From the page description: "There are nearly a million documents associated with the life of Martin Luther King Jr. These pages will present a more dynamic view than is often seen of Dr. King’s life and times. The documents reveal the scholar, the father, and the pastor."
100 Milestone Documents - Digital images of 100 important documents in US history, ranging from the Declaration of Independence to the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Historic Hansard - Transcriptions of the Commons and Lords Hansard, the official report of debates in British Parliament, from 1802 to 2006.
Early Americas Digital Archive - Transcriptions of material written in or about the Americas from 1492 to about 1820. Includes letters and works from such notables as Christopher Columbus and Benjamin Franklin.
Library of Congress: Country Studies - "A description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world." Currently includes 101 countries and regions.
Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History, and Diplomacy - Provided by the Yale Law School, this collection of transcriptions includes documents from 4000 BCE to the 21st century. You can search or browse by time period or major topics.
American Association for State and Local History
American Historical Association
Association of Ancient Historians
Organization of American Historians
Phi Alpha Theta National History Honor Society
Society for History in the Federal Government
Society of American Archivists
HIS 295: The Historian's Craft